Thursday, 2 March 2017
To read more about the critical issue of Waste Management, Register here
Tuesday, 28 February 2017
A contrast on nostalgia for life in Kashmir with experiences of re-establishing social and political relationships after displacement
An article from Contributions to Indian Sociology approaches these questions by taking the case of Kashmiri Pandits, the upper caste Hindu minority of the Kashmir valley, who were displaced due to the outbreak of conflict in Jammu and Kashmir in 1989–90 and a significant section of whom were located in displaced persons’ camps during 1990–2011.
Due to the breakdown of law and order and a series of selective assassinations of Kashmiri Pandits by militants, most of the community fled their homes, relocating to the city of Jammu in the southern part of the state and different parts of north India. Since then, the Kashmiri Pandits have come to constitute one of the most visible groups of internally displaced persons in the region
The article draws upon discussions with Pandits who contrast nostalgia for life in Kashmir with experiences of re-establishing social and political relationships after displacement. Place and migration here are both treated as contexts and products of social activity that involve considerations of objects, physical environment and communal relationships.
The article engages with experiences of settlement of displaced Kashmiri Pandits in the city of Jammu, their memories of past lives in Kashmir and experiences in forging a new relationship with the local inhabitants. The article also discusses the experience of uncertainty among Kashmiri Pandits and whether a possible future can be imagined in the current place of habitation. Through an engagement with nostalgic recollections of home in the past in Kashmir and challenges of rebuilding life and settlement in Jammu, the editor also shows how the Pandits find themselves caught in a tension between the objective conditions of migration and displacement and their desire to seek a stable/secure location.
There are layers in the engagement with place in the present, as some Kashmiri Pandits try to construct a claim and connection with Jammu. The relationship that forced migrants, such as the Kashmiri Pandits have with place—the place where they are from and the place where they find themselves in the present—involves dealing with memory, affection and sentiment and their lived social and political contexts. However, the ability to relate to a place is complicated by a dual process of observing everyday life and habitation, and yet constantly feeling that the next moment of migration or move may come anytime and that one will have no choice in the matter.
Register now to read full article!
Thursday, 16 February 2017
Social Change, hopes to draw the attention of readers to the causative factors of domestic violence and its impact on the victim, her family and on society as a whole. Domestic violence is a global issue reaching across national boundaries as well as socio-economic, cultural, racial and class distinctions. This problem is not only widely dispersed geographically, but its incidence is also extensive, making it a typical and accepted behaviour. Its cost to individuals, health systems and society is enormous. Yet no other major problem of public health has been so widely ignored and so little understood.
Domestic violence is perpetrated by, and on, both men and women. However, most commonly, the victims are women, especially in our country as women were always considered weak, vulnerable and in a position to be exploited. Violence has long been accepted as something that happens to women. Cultural mores, religious practices, economic and political conditions may set the precedence for initiating and perpetuating domestic violence, but ultimately committing an act of violence is a choice that the individual makes out of a range of options.
Violence not only causes physical injury, it also undermines the social, economic, psychological, spiritual and emotional well-being of the victim, the perpetrator and the society as a whole. It has serious consequences on women’s mental and physical health, including their reproductive and sexual health. These physical and mental health outcomes have social and emotional sequelae for the individual, the family, the community and the society at large.
Gender-based violence is entrenched in the culture of developing nations; hence it is the time to change that culture. There is lot of awareness programmes conducted regarding the issue. In almost all the awareness programmes the contents are legal issues, counselling facilities and measures to take the support of the police. In large majority of the cases the audience is women. There is a need for change in this way of thinking and believing. The men and women are integral part of the society and there is a need for the change of attitude in three ways: Attitude of men towards women, Attitude of women towards men and Attitude of women towards women. Apart from this, what is required for a healthy society is not merely the absence of violence but the presences of positive emotions towards their female counter parts.
Register now to read full article
Thursday, 19 January 2017
India and China—two of the largest emitters today—share common concerns arising from climate change. Reports of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) and several other studies have concluded that the two countries face imminent threat in the form of ecological degradation, food and water scarcity, agricultural shifts, health hazards, etc. due to climate change. In addition, India and China have shared national circumstances as developing countries. Both nations face serious third world challenges such as socio-economic development, poverty eradication, and health and food security concerns in their respective home fronts. Home to approximately one third of the global population, the developmental needs and aspirations of these countries are enormous and certainly bound to be further complicated by the effects of climate change.
India and China have responded to the issue of climate change rather elaborately within their respective capacities and national circumstances. Invoking the principles of equity, historical responsibility and common but differentiated responsibilities, India and China have continuously fought for a fair and just international climate change deal. They have tirelessly argued that the primary responsibility of cleaning up the carbon mess must lie with the developed economies given their historical culpability. The carbon space must be equitably shared among all peoples of the planet so that growth and development is not confined to a certain section of the world populace alone.
Thus, a joint statement issued by the two premiers during Narendra Modi’s China visit in May 2015 ‘urged the developed countries to raise their pre-2020 emission reduction targets and honour their commitment to provide US$100 billion per year by 2020 to developing countries’. India and China have emphatically stressed the importance of all these while taking cognizance of the fact that it is the responsibility of all to protect the planet, albeit according to one’s capacity.
Although China and India are seen as major growing economies on an equal footing, their actual worth and potential are widely uneven. There are several differences in two countries’ respective economic and energy situations pivotal in the context of climate change. Several strategic issues remain between China and India that hamper the countries’ cooperative efforts in climate change. The boundary issue is a crucial and continuing bone of contention between the two.
Despite the above stated problems in cooperation on climate change there remain several avenues for India and China to cooperate as they both attempt to tackle the problem. It is necessary for the two to find collective measures to deal with climate change given the fact that climate change has the potential to undermine both the countries’ larger security interests if it goes untamed for long.
To Read more on India, China and Climate Cooperation from the journal 'India Quarterly', register here.
SAGE India Digest
SAGE was founded 50 years ago to support the dissemination of usable knowledge and educate a global community. SAGE now publishes over 800 new books every year and over 1000 journals – including those of more than 400 learned societies and institutions – across a broad range of subject areas.